The Different Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is a harrowing disease. It occurs when your body is unable to process blood glucose, your body’s main source of energy, and starts to wreak havoc. This is because excess glucose in the blood can quickly damage the walls of the tiny blood vessels that carry blood and nutrients to and from your organs. Untreated, the oscillations in blood glucose levels caused by diabetes could gradually destroy the eyes, nerves and circulatory system.
There are three types of diabetes. The main difference between them is how your body loses the ability to process blood glucose. In a healthy individual, the body absorbs glucose using insulin produced by the pancreas. With type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks the pancreas until it is no longer able to produce insulin. People with type 1 diabetes can start seeing symptoms in childhood or even early adulthood, and the most common treatment is with insulin injections. Risks with type 1 diabetes are that the patient experiences frequent hypoglycemia (low glucose levels), or that they will suffer ketoacidosis from burning fat instead of sugar for energy.
With type 2 diabetes the body slowly loses the ability to respond to insulin, so while the body is still producing it, the insulin no longer carries glucose to your cells. This leads to high glucose levels, known as hyperglycemia. Causes include family history, poor diet, poor exercise habits, and age. Patients typically see symptoms in middle adulthood, but recently there have been cases in children. Symptoms include tingling in the hands and feet, excessive thirst, sores that heal slowly and blurry vision. These are signs that high blood glucose levels are beginning to damage the nervous system, circulatory system and eyes. Type 2 diabetes is typically treated with medication and dietary changes to slow down the progression of the disease.
The third type of diabetes is gestational diabetes, which affects pregnant women. During pregnancy, the body can release hormones that make cells more resistant to insulin, leading to a temporary form of diabetes. Women who are overweight, have poor diets or have gained more weight than necessary during pregnancy are at greater risk of gestational diabetes. Although this form of diabetes is temporary, women who have experienced it are at a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life, as are their children. It is usually treated with diet management, increased exercise and insulin shots.
Diabetes can lead to horrible conditions over time, such as blindness, permanent nerve damage, heart disease and loss of limbs. At Any Lab Test Now, we know diabetes can be a frustrating and confusing disease, which is why we offer the Diabetes Maintenance Panel.

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Alcohol and How It Affects You

April newsletter alcohol small(1)According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, “approximately 1 in 5 children killed in traffic crashes were passengers in drunk-driving crashes. Fifty-six percent of the time, it was the child’s own driver who was drunk.” This, among other horrifying statistics about the physical, emotional and financial impacts of drunk driving, has spurred the “Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over” campaign. The campaign will run in partnership with law enforcement agencies nationwide from August 19 through September 5, 2016 to raise awareness about the crime and its dangers.

Of course, the question is at what point does someone cross the line from enjoying a beer at an afternoon cookout to being too drunk to get behind the wheel? Legally, the answer to this is when their blood alcohol concentration (BAC) is more than .08 percent. For the average person, however, knowing the legal limit is not enough information.

The best and safest advice is to always travel with a driver who hasn’t been drinking alcohol at all. Whether you invite a designated driver along to the party or call a cab as the event winds down, riding with someone who has not been drinking at all is the best way to stay safe.
If, however, you have consumed alcoholic beverages and are considering driving yourself, know that the body can typically only process one alcoholic drink per hour. An alcoholic drink is measured as a 12-ounce beer or its equivalent. If you’ve enjoyed more than one drink, you should not drive.

Even with that guideline, however, each person’s body responds to alcohol differently. Factors that contribute to how a person metabolizes alcohol include:

Gender. Men tend to have lower body fat than women, which makes them able to process alcohol more efficiently than women.
Weight. When people are heavier, the alcohol becomes diluted more easily in the blood, making it harder to get drunk.
Age. As you become older, your body becomes less able to process alcohol. This means that as you age, it will take fewer drinks for you to become drunk.
Frequency of alcohol consumption. Those who routinely consume large quantities of alcohol tend to become drunk more slowly than those who don’t.
Amount of food consumed. Having a full stomach can slow down the absorption of alcohol. Of course, eventually, the alcohol will make its way into the bloodstream, so it does not follow that eating will ultimately prevent you from becoming drunk.

Each year, over 10,000 people die from drunk-driving accidents. As summer parties rage on, it is important that we all do our part to spread the word about the dangers of driving drunk. If you suspect that you will be in a situation where alcohol is being served, consider talking with your local Any Lab Test Now facility about their easy breath or saliva tests that measure blood alcohol levels. In fact, there’s even a discrete test that will help heavy drinkers determine the effect that alcohol is having on their body over time.

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Why Not Trust, but Verify Your Teen?

Screen Shot 2014-08-04 at 10.47.39 AMSummer is coming to a close and schools all across America are back in session. That means your teenager is preparing to meet lots of new people and have some wonderful new experiences in the coming year. However, we all know sometimes teens can be led down the wrong path, through impulsive decision-making, situations involving peer pressure and that feeling of pure invincibility that almost all teenagers experience. These common themes in many teenagers’ lives can sometimes lead them on the path to drug use.

Being able to trust your child more as they grow older is a wonderful thing to celebrate. But when we know that even the best teenagers can be prone to making poor decisions every now and then, why not take the preventative steps to protect them from engaging in dangerous activities?

The Trust, But Verify random teen drug testing program offered by Any Lab Test Now is a great way to help your teenager make good decisions when it comes to drugs. When your teen knows they can be randomly drug tested at any time, they can say “no” to their friends more easily, without succumbing to peer pressure. Your teen can let their friends know that they can’t try drugs — not even once — because they get drug tested at home. You can still have a trusting relationship with your teenager knowing that you’ve given them the tools they need to refuse dangerous substances, without having to feel like their activities are constantly monitored.

At Any Lab Test Now, teen drug testing options include:

  • Rapid drug screens for when you need to know now.
  • Lab-based drug screens and confirmations of drug screens for your assurance, including but not limited to prescription medications, cocaine and synthetic designer drugs like K2, Spice and “bath salts.”
  • Drug tests for different detection periods.
  • Additional tests are available for:

Contact Any Lab Test Now to learn more about our Trust, But Verify teen drug testing program today.

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